The World Beyond Hierarchy
Technologies such as robotics, 3D printing, IoT, Blockchain, and AI, have brought down the effort and costs of organizing human activity. As a result, alternative models of organization are emerging. The defining design elements of a winning new organizational model are coming into focus. This organizational philosophy and system is composed of several innovative characteristics, including the breaking of large hierarchical units into “micro-enterprises” (MEs), turning support functions into profit centers that must sell into the enterprise rather than cost centers, and relating to employees as intrapreneurs.